consulentefidato.it

Vuototecnica Newsletter
Follow us on Twitter
let's meet on facebook
Keep in touch on Linkedin
Vacuumdaily.com
Vacuumdaily.net
YouTube Vuototecnica Channel

Vacuum generators and pneumatic pumpsets

Quantity of air sucked by generators at different vacuum levels

Quantity of air sucked by generators at different vacuum levels

TABLE REGARDING THE QUANTITY OF AIR SUCKED BY GENERATORS
AT DIFFERENT VACUUM LEVELS

8.01 
top next
Vacuum generator evacuation time at different vacuum levels

Vacuum generator evacuation time at different vacuum levels

TABLE REGARDING VACUUM GENERATOR EVACUATION TIME,
AT DIFFERENT VACUUM LEVELS

8.02 
top next
Minimum pipe internal diameter recommended for the generators

Minimum pipe internal diameter recommended for the generators

Choosing the right fittings and pipe sections is essential for the correct operation of the vacuum plant. To obtain the highest performance by the vacuum generators, please see the temperature below and keep to the data shown in it.

8.03 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator 15 01 10

Single-stage vacuum generator 15 01 10

Single-stage vacuum generator operation is based on the Venturi principle.
Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. By interrupting the air supply in P, the vacuum effect in U will also stop.
Vacuum generators 15 01 10 and 15 03 10 are generally used for controlling vacuum cups, for gripping and handling non-porous objects and equipment with low capacity requirements.
They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Product code: 150110

8.04 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 01 10

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 01 10

150110

8.05 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator 15 03 10

Single-stage vacuum generator 15 03 10

Single-stage vacuum generator operation is based on the Venturi principle.
Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. By interrupting the air supply in P, the vacuum effect in U will also stop.
Vacuum generators 15 01 10 and 15 03 10 are generally used for controlling vacuum cups, for gripping and handling non-porous objects and equipment with low capacity requirements.
They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Product code: 150310

8.06 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 03 10

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 03 10

150310

8.07 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator with ejector 15 02 10

Single-stage vacuum generator with ejector 15 02 10

The operation of these single-stage vacuum generators is based on the Venturi principle. Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. At the same time, the chamber contained in the generator is also supplied and, as soon as the supply in P is interrupted, it discharges the compressed air that had been collected in it through connection U, thus rapidly restoring the atmospheric pressure at the service. If, for example, a vacuum cup is connected to the service U, thanks to this system it will disconnect much rapidly than with the vacuum generators described previously. They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Product code: 150210

8.08 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 02 10

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 02 10

150210

8.09 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator with ejector 15 04 10

Single-stage vacuum generator with ejector 15 04 10

The operation of these single-stage vacuum generators is based on the Venturi principle. Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. At the same time, the chamber contained in the generator is also supplied and, as soon as the supply in P is interrupted, it discharges the compressed air that had been collected in it through connection U, thus rapidly restoring the atmospheric pressure at the service. If, for example, a vacuum cup is connected to the service U, thanks to this system it will disconnect much rapidly than with the vacuum generators described previously. They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Product code: 150410

8.10 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 04 10

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator 15 04 10

150410

8.11 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generators 15 05 10 SX

Single-stage vacuum generators 15 05 10 SX

The operation of these single-stage vacuum generators is based on the Venturi principle. Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. At the same time, the chamber contained in the generator is also supplied and, as soon as the supply in P is interrupted, it discharges the compressed air that had been collected in it through connection U, thus rapidly restoring the atmospheric pressure at the service. If, for example, a vacuum cup is connected to the service U, thanks to this system it will disconnect much rapidly than with the vacuum generators described previously. They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Produc code: 150510SX

8.11.1 
top next
Diagrams referring to single-stage vacuum generators 15 05 10 SX

Diagrams referring to single-stage vacuum generators 15 05 10 SX

150510SX

8.11.2 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator with ejectors FVG 3-5

Single-stage vacuum generator with ejectors FVG 3-5

- Single-stage vacuum generator with ejectors FVG 3-5 release applications
- Maximum supply pressure: 4 bar
- Available with the following capacities: 3-5 mc/h
- Maximum vacuum level: -85 KPa
- Excludable ejector
- Totally made of anodised aluminium
- Maximum performance even at low supply pressure
- Low energy consumption
- Ease of installation
- Reduced weight
Product codes: FVG3 FVG5

8.11.3 
top next
In-line single-stage vacuum generator pvp 1

In-line single-stage vacuum generator pvp 1

This new range of vacuum generators also exploits the Venturi principle. Their distinctive feature compared with traditional vacuum generators are the two air and vacuum supply connections located in-line, while the exhaust connection of the sucked and exhaust air is orthogonal to them and it is located on the on the generator circumference. These vacuum generators are easy to disassemble, thus allowing visibility and access to all the components. The advantages of these generators include reduced overall dimensions, easy maintenance and easy assembly to the vacuum cup supports or to the vacuum cup holders. As a standard, they are equipped with pressed stainless steel suction filter and a special microfiber silencer, which is wrapped around the exhaust connection, making them particularly silent. They are fully made with anodised aluminium.
Product code: PVP1

8.12 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 1

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 1

PVP1

8.13 
top next
In-line single-stage vacuum generators gv 1, gv 2 and gv 3

In-line single-stage vacuum generators gv 1, gv 2 and gv 3

The operation of these vacuum generators is also based on the Venturi principle. Their distinctive feature compared with traditional vacuum generators are the two air and vacuum supply connections located in-line, while the exhaust connection of the sucked and exhaust air is orthogonal to them. The advantages of these generators include reduced overall dimensions, easy maintenance and easy assembly. These vacuum generators can be assembled directly onto the vacuum cup supports or vacuum cup holders. They are fully made with anodised aluminium, except for the exhaust nozzle which is made with brass.
Product codes: GV1 GV2 GV3

8.14 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gv 1, gv 2 and gv 3

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gv 1, gv 2 and gv 3

GV1 GV2 GV3

8.15 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generators PVP05, PVP2 and PVP3

Single-stage vacuum generators PVP05, PVP2 and PVP3

With their extremely reduced size and high performance, these single-stage vacuum generators operate exploiting the Venturi principle.
Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R.
By interrupting the air supply in P, the vacuum effect in U will also stop.
The vacuum generators described in this page are generally used for interconnecting vacuum cups, for gripping and handling non-porous objects and equipment with low capacity requirements. They are made with anodised aluminium, with aluminium ejectors (PVP05) or brass (PVP2 - PVP3).
Product codes: PVP05 PVP2 PVP3

8.15.1 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 2

Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 2

With their extremely reduced size and high performance, these single-stage vacuum generators operate exploiting the Venturi principle. Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. By interrupting the air supply in P, the vacuum effect in U will also stop. The vacuum generators described in this page are generally used for interconnecting vacuum cups, for gripping and handling non-porous objects and equipment with low capacity requirements. They are made with anodised aluminium with brass ejectors.
Product code: PVP2

8.16 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 2

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 2

PVP2 001574

8.17 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 3

Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 3

With their extremely reduced size and high performance, these single-stage vacuum generators operate exploiting the Venturi principle. Supplying the generator with compressed air in P, vacuum will be generated at connection U, while both the supply and the sucked air will be released through R. By interrupting the air supply in P, the vacuum effect in U will also stop. The vacuum generators described in this page are generally used for interconnecting vacuum cups, for gripping and handling non-porous objects and equipment with low capacity requirements. They are made with anodised aluminium with brass ejectors.
Product code: PVP3

8.18 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 3

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 3

PVP3 001574

8.19 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 2 m

Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 2 m

The vacuum generators described in this page are also based on the Venturi principle and share the same technical features as the previous ones. Their distinctive feature is their shape. The vacuum connection U, in fact, is threaded to allow the assembly of a vacuum cup with a male 3/8” threaded gas support, while in-line, but on the opposite side an M 10 threaded hole allows installing the generator directly onto the machine or on the cup holders with springing device. They are fully made with anodised aluminium, with brass ejectors. Equipped with a vacuum cup, they are true independent gripping units. These vacuum generators are suited for vacuum cup operated loaders or handlers, for gripping sheet steel, glass slabs, plastic panels and other similar products.
Product code: PVP2M

8.20 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 2 m

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 2 m

PVP2M 001574

8.21 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 7 x

Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 7 x

Vacuum generators PVP 7 X also exploit the Venturi principle. Their distinctive feature compared to PVP 2 and PVP 3 is their greater suction capacity, thanks to the association of two ejectors in parallel. A special silencer made with sintered ceramic is installed on their exhaust, making them particularly silent. As a standard, they are equipped with a vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level. An additional connection on the body of the generator allows the installation of a mini vacuum switch for signalling the vacuum level, or of a pneumatic solenoid valve for a quick restoration of the atmospheric pressure at the service. They are fully made with anodised aluminium, with stainless steel ejectors. These vacuum generators can be used for connecting one or more vacuum cups or equipment with capacity requirements within the shown values.
Product code: PVP7X

8.22 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 7 x

Diagrams referring to vacuum generator pvp 7 x

PVP7X

8.23 
top next
Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 7 - 14 - 18 sx

Single-stage vacuum generator pvp 7 - 14 - 18 sx

Vacuum generators PVP 7X share the same mechanical and technical features as the previously described ones. Their distinctive feature is a state of the art silencer installed on them and made with natural fibre sound absorbing material contained in a special cylindrical anodised aluminium enclosure open on the exhaust. This prevents the silencer from being clogged and allows the vacuum generator to suck oil or water condensation saturated fluids mixed with fine and impalpable dust. They can be used as PVP 7X and, in addition, they can also operate in humid or dusty environments. They are available with capacities of 7, 14 e 18 cum/h.
Product codes: PVP7SX PVP14SX PVP18SX

8.24 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 7 sx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 7 sx

PVP7SX

8.25 
top next
Fixing supports for single-stage vacuum generators

Fixing supports for single-stage vacuum generators

The supports described in this page are made with anodised aluminium as a standard, but, upon request, they can be supplied in the stainless steel version. These supports are for fixing the single-stage vacuum generators to the machine via a cylindrical slotted pin or a ball pin housed in the machine itself. They are suited for robotic gripping systems and they allow for an easy installation of the vacuum generators on the profiles used in the automotive sector.
Product codes: FCH01 FCH01INOX FCH02 FCH02INOX FCH03 FCH03INOX FCH04 FCH04INOX

top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators - general information

Multi-stage vacuum generators - general information

Our multi-stage vacuum generators produce a maximum vacuum of 90%, equal to a final vacuum level of 100 mbar abs., with different suction capacities. They operate by use of compressed air from 1 to 6 bar (g).
Working principle
Each ejector is based on the Venturi principle: the supply fluid (compressed air) is led high speed by a convergent pipe into the fluid to be extracted (volume of the air to be sucked). This mixture is then led into two or three divergent pipes, where its kinetic energy is transformed into pressure energy for it to enter in the environment at a higher pressure (atmospheric pressure at the exhaust).
Technical features
The main asset of multi-stage vacuum generators is its ability to exploit the kinetic energy of the supply compressed air via several specially dimensioned in-line ejectors, before releasing it in the atmosphere. This system allows, given the same capacity, a reduced compressed air consumption compared to the single-stage vacuum generators. The suction capacity is indirectly proportional to the differential between the pressure of the fluid to be sucked and the external (atmospheric) pressure. The reduced size and weight make multi-stage vacuum generators compact in relation to their great suction capacity. The absence of moving parts make them particularly silent and allow them to be used continuously, without developing heat. Being supplied exclusively by compressed air, these vacuum generators are explosion-proof and can be used in work environments with temperatures ranging from -20 to +80 °C. They are fully made with stainless materials. Thanks to all these features, a good filtration of the supply and sucked compressed air is sufficient to make these generators are fully maintenance-free.

8.28 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators series m

Multi-stage vacuum generators series m

These vacuum generators feature multiple state of the art ejectors assembled onto small modules. One of their distinctive features is their great suction capacity compared to their reduced size. With a compressed air supply of 4 ÷ 5 bar (g), they can produce a maximum vacuum equal to 85% and a suction capacity of 3.6 ÷ 18 cum/h, according to the number of modules. The silencer is built-in. They are fully made with slightly anodised alloys and can be installed in any position. The multi-stage vacuum generators in this range are suited for interconnecting vacuum cup gripping systems and, in particular, in the industrial robotics sector, which requires equipment with excellent working performance, but with weight and size reduced to the minimum.
Product codes: M3 M7

8.29 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 3 and m 7

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 3 and m 7

M3 M7

8.30 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators m 10, m 14 and m 18

Multi-stage vacuum generators m 10, m 14 and m 18

These vacuum generators feature multiple state of the art ejectors assembled onto small modules. One of their distinctive features is their great suction capacity compared to their reduced size. With a compressed air supply of 4 ÷ 5 bar (g), they can produce a maximum vacuum equal to 85% and a suction capacity of 3.6 ÷ 18 cum/h, according to the number of modules. The silencer is built-in. They are fully made with slightly anodised alloys and can be installed in any position. The multi-stage vacuum generators in this range are suited for interconnecting vacuum cup gripping systems and, in particular, in the industrial robotics sector, which requires equipment with excellent working performance, but with weight and size reduced to the minimum.
Product codes: M10 M14 M18

8.31 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 10, m 14 and m 18

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 10, m 14 and m 18

M10 M14 M18

8.32 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators m 3 ssx and m 7 ssx

Multi-stage vacuum generators m 3 ssx and m 7 ssx

These vacuum generators share the same technical features as the others of the M series described above. Their distinctive feature is their silent operation. In fact, along with the built-in silencer, they also have an external SSX silencer for a further noise reduction. These generators are particularly recommended in work environments where the noise level must be kept within very low values.
Product codes: M3SSX M7SSX

8.33 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 3 ssx and m 7 ssx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 3 ssx and m 7 ssx

M3SSX M7SSX

8.34 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators m 10 ssx, m 14 ssx and m 18 ssx

Multi-stage vacuum generators m 10 ssx, m 14 ssx and m 18 ssx

These vacuum generators share the same technical features as the others of the M series described above. Their distinctive feature is their silent operation. In fact, along with the built-in silencer, they also have an external SSX silencer for a further noise reduction. These generators are particularly recommended in work environments where the noise level must be kept within very low values.
Product codes: M10SSX M14SSX M18SSX

8.35 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 10 ssx, m 14 ssx and m 18 ssx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators m 10 ssx, m 14 ssx and m 18 ssx

M10SSX M14SSX M18SSX

8.36 
top next
Fixing supports for multi-stage vacuum generators series m

Fixing supports for multi-stage vacuum generators series m

The supports described in this page are made with anodised aluminium as a standard, but, upon request, they can be supplied in the stainless steel version. These supports are for fixing the multi-stage vacuum generators to the machine via a cylindrical slotted pin or a ball pin housed in the machine itself. They are suited for robotic gripping systems and they allow for an easy installation of the vacuum generators on the profiles used in the automotive sector.
Product codes: 00FCH23 00FCH22 00FCH13 00FCH12

8.37 
top next
Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators series mvg – general information

Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators series mvg – general information

These generators are true independent vacuum units that can control an entire vacuum gripping system. Their distinctive features are their compact size and great suction capacity. They are composed of a mono-block anodised aluminium structure onto which are assembled:
- A modular and silenced multi-stage vacuum generator.
- A micro solenoid valve for supplying compressed air to the generator.
- A micro solenoid valve for blowing the exhaust compressed air.
- An adjustable flow regulator for dosing the exhaust air.
- A unidirectional check valve, located on the suction inlet, for maintaining the vacuum in case of electricity failure.
- A digital vacuum switch provided with display and commutation LEDs, for managing the compressed air supply and for signalling the safety cycle start-up.
- An anodised aluminium manifold provided with vacuum connections and a built-in filter easy to inspect.
By activating the compressed air solenoid valve, the generator creates vacuum at the service. Once the preset maximum value is reached, the vacuum switch acts on the solenoid valve electric coil and interrupts the air supply, restoring it when the vacuum value returns below the minimum value.
Along with maintaining the vacuum level within preset safety values (hysteresis), this modulation allows saving a considerable amount of compressed air. A second vacuum switch signal, also adjustable and independent from the first, can be used to start up the cycle when the vacuum level is suitable for the application. Once the working cycle is completed, the compressed air supply is deactivated and, at the same time, the ejection micro solenoid valve is activated for a quick restoration of the atmospheric pressure at the application.
MVG multi-function vacuum generators can be installed in any position and are suited for interconnecting vacuum gripping systems for handling sheet steel, glass, marble, ceramic, plastic, cardboard, wood, etc., and, in particular, for the industrial robotics sector which requires equipment with excellent performance and with size and weight reduced to the minimum.

8.38 
top next
Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators mvg 3 and mvg 7

Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators mvg 3 and mvg 7

MVG3 MVG7

8.39 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators mvg 3 and mvg 7

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators mvg 3 and mvg 7

MVG3 MVG7

8.40 
top next
Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators mvg 10 and mvg 14

Multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators mvg 10 and mvg 14

MVG10 MVG14

8.41 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators mvg 10 and mvg 14

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators mvg 10 and mvg 14

MVG10 MVG14

8.42 
top next
Accessories and spare parts for vacuum generators series mvg

Accessories and spare parts for vacuum generators series mvg

0015202 0015203 0015157 001220 001221 0015155 0015156 0015154 0015178 121010

top next
Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators series gvmm – general information

Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators series gvmm – general information

Modular multi-function vacuum generators are true independent vacuum units that offer an entire vacuum control system.
They feature a reduced thickness and weight compared to their suction capacity and they have been designed to be assembled with screws to one or more intermediate modules MI. The original internal connection system for the compressed air supply allows communication with no need for external manifolds.
This modular system allows increasing the number of independent vacuum units according to the requirements. In fact, you can order a multi-function vacuum generator and the intermediate modules with the desired capacities, already assembled, or you can assemble one or more intermediate modules to the GVMM generator that has already been installed on the machine, without having to make particular modifications. GVMM vacuum generators are composed of an anodised aluminium mono-block with lid, inside of which the silenced multiple ejectors are installed and the vacuum chamber and the compressed air supply connection are contained.
The following items are assembled externally:
- A micro solenoid valve for supplying compressed air to the generator.
- A micro solenoid valve for blowing the exhaust compressed air.
- An adjustable flow regulator for dosing the exhaust air.
- A digital vacuum switch with display and commutation LEDs for managing the compressed air supply and for signalling the safety cycle start-up.
- An anodised aluminium or transparent plexiglass manifold provided with vacuum connections with built-in suction filter, easy to inspect, and a check valve for maintaining the vacuum in case of electricity or compressed air failure. By activating the compressed air solenoid valve, the generator creates vacuum at the service. Once the preset maximum value is reached, the vacuum switch acts on the solenoid valve electric coil and interrupts the air supply, restoring it when the vacuum value returns below the minimum value.
Along with maintaining the vacuum level within preset safety values (hysteresis), this modulation allows saving a considerable amount of compressed air. A second vacuum switch signal, also adjustable and independent from the first, can be used to start up the cycle when the vacuum level is suitable for the application. Once the working cycle is completed, the compressed air supply is deactivated and, at the same time, the ejection micro solenoid valve is activated for a quick restoration of the atmospheric pressure at the application.
GVMM multi-function vacuum generators can be installed in any position and are suited for interconnecting vacuum gripping systems for handling sheet steel, glass, marble, ceramic, plastic, cardboard, wood, etc., and, in particular, for the industrial robotics sector which requires equipment with excellent performance and several independent vacuum units for controlling several applications but with reduced size and weight.

8.46 
top next
Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators gvmm 3 and gvmm 7

Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators gvmm 3 and gvmm 7

GVMM3 GVMM7

8.47 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gvmm 3 and gvmm 7

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gvmm 3 and gvmm 7

GVMM3 GVMM7

8.48 
top next
Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators gvmm 10 and gvmm 14

Multi-stage, multi-function and modular vacuum generators gvmm 10 and gvmm 14

GVMM10 GVMM14

8.49 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gvmm 10 and gvmm 14

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators gvmm 10 and gvmm 14

GVMM10 GVMM14

8.50 
top next
Multi-stage, multi-function and modular intermediate vacuum modules series mi – general information

Multi-stage, multi-function and modular intermediate vacuum modules series mi – general information

Intermediate modules are non-independent multi-stage and multi-function vacuum generators to be assembled to the generators of the GVMM range. Their thickness and weight are reduced to the maximum compared to their suction capacity and they have been designed to be enclosed between the lid and the base of the GVMM vacuum generator and fixed with screws. The internal connections for the compressed air supply allow communication between them and the basic generator, with no need for external manifolds. This way, each module becomes an independent vacuum unit that can control an entire vacuum system. They can be ordered in the desired amount and capacity, either already assembled onto the GVMM multi-function vacuum generator, or separately, to be assembled to the GVMM generator previously installed onto the machine. In this case, we suggest ordering a screw kit suitable for the number of modules to be assembled. MI intermediate vacuum modules are made up of the same elements that compose GVMM generators, except for the lid. They operate and they are used as the GVMM multi-function vacuum generator onto which they are assembled.

8.51 
top next
Intermediate vacuum modules mi 3 and mi 7

Intermediate vacuum modules mi 3 and mi 7

MI3 MI7

8.52 
top next
Diagrams referring to intermediate vacuum modules mi 3 and mi 7

Diagrams referring to intermediate vacuum modules mi 3 and mi 7

MI3 MI7

8.53 
top next
Intermediate vacuum modules mi 10 and mi 14

Intermediate vacuum modules mi 10 and mi 14

MI10 MI14

8.54 
top next
Diagrams referring to intermediate vacuum modules mi 10 and mi 14

Diagrams referring to intermediate vacuum modules mi 10 and mi 14

MI10 MI14

8.55 
top next
Accessories and spare parts for vacuum generators and modules series gvmm and mi

Accessories and spare parts for vacuum generators and modules series gvmm and mi

0015202 0015203 0015157 001220 001221 121010 0015176 0015175 0015171 0015188 0015174 0015187 0015306

top next
Modular vacuum systems set-up

Modular vacuum systems set-up

GVMM multi-function vacuum generators can be assembled with one or more intermediate modules, thus forming a modular vacuum system, featuring a compact shape and reduced size and weight. As a standard, up to 6 vacuum units can be assembled, but using threaded bars instead allows assembling even more.
Product codes: 00KITGVMM01 00KITGVMM02 00KITGVMM03 00KITGVMM04 00KITGVMM05 00KITGVMM06 00KITGVMM07 00KITGVMM08 00KITGVMM09 00KITGVMM10 00KITGVMM11

8.59 
top next
Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators series avg – general information

Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators series avg – general information

These generators are independent vacuum units that can control an entire vacuum gripping system. They have been specially designed for the AUTOMOTIVE sector and they are equipped with single ejectors that, given the same capacity as the multi-ejector generators, allow a quicker grip and, as a result, a greater compressed air consumption. As a standard, they are provided with a built-in pneumatic energy-saving device. They are composed of an anodised aluminium mono-block structure, inside of which are installed the ejectors, the servo-controlled slide valve for the compressed air supply and are contained the vacuum chambers as well as the various connections. On the outside, on the other hand, are installed:
- A bistable impulse solenoid valve for controlling the slide valve.
- A micro solenoid valve for blowing the exhaust compressed air.
- A flow regulator for dosing the exhaust compressed air.
- Two silencers for removing noise from the ejected air.
- An aluminium manifold provided with vacuum connections with built-in:
° A pneumatic vacuum switch for managing the compressed air supply according to the set vacuum level (energy saving).
° A check valve for maintaining the vacuum in case of electricity or compressed air failure.
° A suction filter, easy to inspect through the transparent polycarbonate lid.
By providing an electric impulse to the two-position micro solenoid valve, the compressed air supply slide valve will be activated and vacuum will be created at the application. Once the preset maximum value has been reached, the pneumatic vacuum switch, acts on the slide valve and interrupts the compressed air supply, restoring it when the value returns below the minimum value.
Along with maintaining the vacuum level within the preset safety values, this modulation allows saving a considerable amount of compressed air, even in case of electricity failure. Once the work cycle is completed, an electric impulse deactivates the supply micro solenoid valve and, at the same time, the ejection micro solenoid valve for a quick restoration of the atmospheric pressure at the application.
AVG vacuum generators are set for the installation of a micro digital vacuum switch art. 12 05 11 at the application and, upon request, they can be supplied protection devices against shocks and accidental falls.
Also these vacuum generators can be installed in any position.
AVG vacuum generators are suited for controlling vacuum cup gripping systems, for handling sheet metal, glass, marble, ceramic, plastic, cardboard, wood, etc., and, in particular for the AUTOMOTIVE sector, which requires equipment with excellent performance and reduced overall dimensions and weight.

8.60 
top next
Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators avg 18 and avg 25

Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators avg 18 and avg 25

AVG18 AVG25

8.61 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators avg 18 e avg 25

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators avg 18 e avg 25

AVG18 AVG25

8.62 
top next
Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators with shockproof protection avg 18 p e avg 25 p

Single-stage and multi-function vacuum generators with shockproof protection avg 18 p e avg 25 p

0015271 0015272

8.63 
top next
Vacuum generators accessories and spare parts series avg

Vacuum generators accessories and spare parts series avg

0015309 120511 0015157 0015297 0015175 SSX3/4”R

top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 12 mx and pvp 25 mx

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 12 mx and pvp 25 mx

This new range of multiple ejector vacuum generators represents the natural evolution of the PVP 12M and 25M generators. In fact, given the same air consumption and final vacuum level, the maximum suction capacity is increased from 15 to 21 cum/h and from 25 to 31 cum/h respectively.
The body and the lid are made with anodised aluminium, all the ejectors are made with stainless steel, as well as the fixing screws.
The state of the art seal in EPDM and is never in contact with the sucked fluid. The reed valves, on the other hand, are made with silicon as a standard, and viton, upon request. The devices are also equipped with two new vacuum connections, apart from the existing one, and one for the possible connection to control or measuring devices.
As a standard, the devices are equipped with a vacuum gauge, a quick coupler for compressed air supply and metal locking caps for the unused connections. The exhaust air connections are threaded in order to allow the installation of the new SSX silencers, for a further noise reduction.
They are perfectly interchangeable with the previous generators.
Product codes: PVP12MX PVP25MX

8.66 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 12 mx and pvp 25 mx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 12 mx and pvp 25 mx

PVP12MX PVP25MX

8.67 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 40 m, pvp 70 m and pvp 100 m

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 40 m, pvp 70 m and pvp 100 m

This new range of multi-stage vacuum generators have been designed to be assembled onto OCTOPUS vacuum systems and represents a true evolution of traditional vane vacuum pumps. They feature state of the art ejectors and boast an excellent ratio between the consumed and the sucked air to the benefit of operative consumption. They also allow adjusting the vacuum level and capacity according to the air supply pressure. When designing these vacuum generators, our focus was on noise; In fact, they are free of moving parts subject to vibrations and wear and they are perfectly soundproofed, therefore, their operation is particularly silent. Moreover, their operation being based on Venturi’s principle, they do not develop heat. The light alloys used to make them have allowed a considerable reduction of their weight. A good filtration of the compressed air supply and of the sucked one allows discharging air free from oil vapours, water condensation and impurities and reducing maintenance to a simple regular filter cleaning.
Product codes: PVP40M PVP70M PVP100M

8.68 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 40 m, pvp 70 m and pvp 100 m

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 40 m, pvp 70 m and pvp 100 m

PVP40M PVP70M PVP100M

8.69 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 140 m, pvp 170 m and pvp 200 m

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 140 m, pvp 170 m and pvp 200 m

PVP140M PVP170M PVP200M

8.70 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 140 m, pvp 170 m and pvp 200 m

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 140 m, pvp 170 m and pvp 200 m

PVP140M PVP170M PVP200M

8.71 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 250 m and pvp 300 m

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 250 m and pvp 300 m

PVP250M PVP300M

8.72 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 250 m and pvp 300 m

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 250 m and pvp 300 m

PVP250M PVP300M

8.73 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 25 mdx, pvp 35 mdx and pvp 50 mdx

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 25 mdx, pvp 35 mdx and pvp 50 mdx

This new range of generators represent the natural evolution of the PVP 25 ÷ 75 MD multiple ejector vacuum generators and they boast an excellent performance. In fact, given the same air consumption values and the same final vacuum level, the maximum suction capacity is increased by 10 ÷ 12% compared to the previous range. The body and lid are made with anodised aluminium, all the ejectors are made with stainless steel, as well as the fixing screws. The state of the art seal is in EPDM and is never in contact with the sucked fluid; the reed valves, on the other hand, are made with silicon as a standard and in Viton, upon request. These new devices contain a housing for the installation, upon request, of a pneumatic vacuum switch, that, associated with a pneumatic slide valve and a special check valve, allows making an energy saving device. As a standard, these devices are equipped with a vacuum gauge a pressure gauge, a silencer on the exhaust and a quick coupler for the compressed air supply. This new range of vacuum generators is perfectly interchangeable with the previous one.
Product codes: PVP25MDX PVP35MDX PVP50MDX

8.74 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 25 mdx, pvp 35 mdx and pvp 50mdx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 25 mdx, pvp 35 mdx and pvp 50mdx

PVP25MDX PVP35MDX PVP50MDX

8.75 
top next
Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 60 mdx and pvp 75 mdx

Multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 60 mdx and pvp 75 mdx

PVP60MDX PVP75MDX

8.76 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 60 mdx and pvp 75 mdx

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 60 mdx and pvp 75 mdx

PVP60MDX PVP75MDX

8.77 
top next
Vacuum generators accessories pvp 25 ÷ 75 mdx

Vacuum generators accessories pvp 25 ÷ 75 mdx

120230X 070170 070270 100420 100520 0015308 ES01 ES02

top next
Silencers

Silencers

The use of natural fibre sound absorbing material enclosed in special anodised aluminium casings has allowed creating this new range of silencers that considerably reduce noise made by air at the vacuum generator exhaust. There are two versions with different lengths: the longer the length and the more will the noise be reduced. Noise reduction: from -13 to -20 dB (A); Working temperature: from -20 to +100 °C.
Product codes: SSX1/4 SSX3/8 SSX1/2 SSX3/4R SSX3/4 SSX1 SSX11/2 SSX2 2SSX1/4 2SSX3/8 2SSX1/2 2SSX3/4 2SSX1

8.80 
top next
Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 150 ÷ 600 md – general information

Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 150 ÷ 600 md – general information

The special shape of these vacuum generators has allowed obtaining great suction capacities in very limited overall dimensions. The ejectors share the same features as the previous ones, but instead of being fixed directly onto the generator body, they are assembled onto modular frames. The superimposition of one or more frames determines the generator capacity. They are supplied by filtered compressed air with an optimal pressure of 6 bar (g), and they can create a maximum vacuum of 90%, with a suction capacity ranging from 200 to 750 cum/h, measured at the normal atmospheric pressure of 1013 mbar. They are fully made with anodised aluminium with disc valves and special compound seals. They are perfectly soundproofed which results in an extremely silent operation.

8.81 
top next
Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 150 md and pvp 300 md

Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 150 md and pvp 300 md

PVP150MD PVP300MD

8.82 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 150 md and pvp 300 md

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 150 md and pvp 300 md

PVP150MD PVP300MD

8.83 
top next
Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 450 md and pvp 600 md

Modular multi-stage vacuum generators pvp 450 md and pvp 600 md

PVP450MD PVP600MD

8.84 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 450 md and pvp 600 md

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators pvp 450 md and pvp 600 md

PVP450MD PVP600MD

8.85 
top next
Cartridge vacuum generators PVR 1-4

Cartridge vacuum generators PVR 1-4

- Can be directly integrated on suction gripping parts of the packaging machines
- Maximum output at low operating pressures (2 - 3 bar)
- Maximum vacuum level: -70 KPa
- Capacity of 1 o 4 cum/h
- Their shape enables the suction of dust or small processing residues, without clogging
Product codes: PVR1 PVR4

8.85.1 
top next
Adjustable vacuum generators conveyor pvr 25 and pvr 50

Adjustable vacuum generators conveyor pvr 25 and pvr 50

Working principle
The operation of these vacuum generators is based on the Venturi principle. Unlike the previous ones, the ejector, apart from having a much larger flow diameter, is also adjustable.
This feature allows modifying the capacity and the vacuum level of the device, without intervening on the air supply pressure level.
Also the compressed air consumption is related to the actual performance of the vacuum generator.
Features
The special shape of these adjustable vacuum generators, as well as their straight-flow working principle allow sucking and transferring products of various nature with no interference, just like flow generators, only, unlike these, they allow overcoming much higher level differences.
They are suited for transferring powders, granulated products, sawdust, metal chips, dry or liquid food products, etc. They are also recommended for controlling vacuum cups in presence of large amounts of dust or liquids, as well as for sucking fumes, cooling mists, water and oil condensation, etc. The absence of moving parts allows for a continuous use without developing heat. The noise level, which is quite high for this kind of equipment, can be considerably reduced with a silencer screwed on the exhaust connection.
They do not require electricity, therefore, they can even be used in work environments with hazardous environments where an ignition source would be dangerous. Available in anodised aluminium and stainless steel.
Thanks to all these features, a good filtration of the compressed air supply will be sufficient to make these devices fully maintenance-free.
Product codes: PVR25 PVR50

8.86 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators conveyor pvr 25 and pvr 50

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators conveyor pvr 25 and pvr 50

PVR25 PVR50

8.87 
top next
Adjustable vacuum generators conveyor pvr 100 and pvr 200

Adjustable vacuum generators conveyor pvr 100 and pvr 200

PVR100 PVR200

8.88 
top next
Diagrams referring to vacuum generators conveyor pvr 100 and pvr 200

Diagrams referring to vacuum generators conveyor pvr 100 and pvr 200

PVR100 PVR200

8.89 
top next
Accessories for adjustable vacuum generators conveyor

Accessories for adjustable vacuum generators conveyor

The noise level of adjustable vacuum generators Conveyor is always quite high, but it can be considerably reduced with a silencer screwed on the exhaust connection.
Upon request, silencers of the SSX range, which are suitable for any kind of Conveyor vacuum generator, can be supplied.
The table below shows the codes of the silencers associated with the various vacuum generators.
Product codes: PVR25SSX PVR50SSX PVR100SSX PVR200SSX PVR252SSX PVR502SSX PVR1002SSX PVR2002SSX

8.90 
top next
Flow generators vacuum jet cx 7 and cx 10

Flow generators vacuum jet cx 7 and cx 10

Working principle
The compressed air supply blown into a ring chamber concentric to the device, flows at a very high speed towards the centre of the main pipe, thus forming a cyclonic effect. The latter creates a vacuum inside the device and leads a great volume of air towards its outlet. Therefore, a variation of the air supply pressure will modify the vacuum level and the amount of sucked air.
Features
The special shape of these adjustable vacuum generators, as well as their straight-flow working principle allow sucking and transferring products of various nature with no interference. In fact, Vacuum Jet flow generators are suited for transferring powders, granulated products, sawdust, metal chips, dry or liquid food products, etc. They are also recommended for controlling vacuum cups in presence of large amounts of dust or liquids, as well as for sucking fumes, cooling mists, water and oil condensation, etc. The absence of moving parts allows for a continuous use without developing heat. Available in anodised aluminium and stainless steel. Thanks to all these features, a good filtration of the compressed air supply will be sufficient to make these devices fully maintenance-free.
Product codes: CX7 CX10

8.91 
top next
Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 7 and cx 10

Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 7 and cx 10

CX7 CX10

8.92 
top next
Flow generators vacuum jet cx 13 and cx 19

Flow generators vacuum jet cx 13 and cx 19

CX13 CX19

8.93 
top next
Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 13 and cx 19

Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 13 and cx 19

CX13 CX19

8.94 
top next
Flow generators vacuum jet cx 25, cx 38 and cx 50

Flow generators vacuum jet cx 25, cx 38 and cx 50

CX25 CX38 CX50

8.95 
top next
Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 25, cx 38 and cx50

Diagrams referring to flow generators cx 25, cx 38 and cx50

CX25 CX38 CX50

8.96 
top next
Adjustable vacuum generators PVR 25 MS

Adjustable vacuum generators PVR 25 MS

Product code: PVR25MS

8.96.1 
top next
Mini pneumatic pumpsets dop 06 and dop 10

Mini pneumatic pumpsets dop 06 and dop 10

Mini pneumatic pumpsets are independent vacuum units, fed exclusively by compressed air and featuring very small sizes. They are composed of:
- A small welded sheet steel tank.
- A compressed air-operated vacuum generator.
- A pneumatic vacuum switch for adjusting the vacuum level.
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A suction filter with an FC paper cartridge.
- A pressure adjuster equipped with filter.
- A pneumatic activation valve for the vacuum generator supply.
- A sleeve valve for compressed air interception.
- For compressed air interception for draining condensation from the tank. the vacuum level in the tank, previously set with the vacuum switch, is automatically maintained. Mini pneumatic pumpsets are suited for equipping small fixed and mobile working units that require vacuum, such as:
- Trolleys with vacuum cups for fixing and transporting glass and crystals.
- Vacuum clamping systems for ski maintenance, to drill or pantograph marble, to polish pewter, copper or silver objects, etc.
- Tackles with cups for lifting television sets and other household appliances, for the insertion of glass in the window fittings, for feeding sheet metal to presses, etc.
Mini pneumatic pumpsets require no electricity, only compressed air at a 4 ÷ 6 bar (g) pressure. For this feature they are recommended in hazardous environments where an ignition source would be dangerous.
Product codes: DOP06PVP12MX DOP06PVP25MX DOP10PVP12MX DOP10PVP25MX

8.97 
top next
Mini pneumatic pumpsets dop 20

Mini pneumatic pumpsets dop 20

The distinctive feature of this mini pumpset, apart from the tank volume, is the installed vacuum generator. The vacuum generator of the PVP… MDX ES range, in fact, is equipped with an energy saving device which allows automatically maintaining the preset vacuum level inside the tank. The other accessories, except for the vacuum switch and the pneumatic activation valve for the vacuum generator supply, are the same as those installed on DOP 06 and DOP 10. They are used as the previously described mini pneumatic pumpsets.
Product codes: DOP20PVP25MDX DOP20PVP35MDX

8.98 
top next
Pneumatic pumpsets dop 25

Pneumatic pumpsets dop 25

Pneumatic pumpsets are independent vacuum units fed exclusively by compressed air.
They are composed of:
- A welded sheet steel tank.
- A compressed air-operated vacuum generator PVP … MDX ES, equipped with an energy saving device.
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A suction filter with an FC paper cartridge.
- A pressure adjuster equipped with filter.
- A sleeve valve for compressed air interception.
- A cock for draining condensation from the tank. the vacuum level in the tank, previously set with the vacuum switch, is automatically maintained. Pneumatic pumpsets are normally used for handling particularly heavy or valuable loads, since even in case of a sudden power supply failure, they allow the vacuum cups to maintain the grip for a certain amount of time (which varies according to the tank capacity). They are recommended for connecting several applications to centralise the vacuum. In any case, the use of the pumpset offers a great advantage under an energy-saving point of view, since the generator operates only when vacuum is required by the application.
Pneumatic pumpsets require no electricity, only compressed air at a 4 ÷ 6 bar (g) pressure. For this feature, they are recommended in hazardous environments where an ignition source would be dangerous.
Product codes: DOP25PVP25MDX DOP25PVP35MDX

8.99 
top next
Pneumatic pumpsets dop 50

Pneumatic pumpsets dop 50

DOP50PVP50MDX DOP50PVP60MDX

8.100 
top next
Pneumatic pumpsets dop 100

Pneumatic pumpsets dop 100

DOP100PVP75MDX

8.101 
top next
Pneumatic pumpsets dop 150

Pneumatic pumpsets dop 150

Pneumatic pumpsets are independent vacuum units fed exclusively by compressed air.
They are composed of:
- A welded sheet steel tank.
- A compressed air-operated vacuum generator.
- A pneumatic vacuum switch for adjusting the vacuum level.
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A suction filter with an FC paper cartridge.
- A pressure adjuster equipped with filter.
- A pneumatic activation valve for the vacuum generator supply.
- A sleeve valve for compressed air interception.
- A cock for draining condensation from the tank.
The vacuum level in the tank, previously set with the vacuum switch, is automatically maintained. Pneumatic pumpsets are normally used for handling particularly heavy or valuable loads, since even in case of a sudden power supply failure, allow the vacuum cups to maintain the grip for a certain amount of time (which varies according to the tank capacity). They are recommended for connecting several applications to centralise the vacuum. In any case, the use of the pumpset offers a great advantage under an energy-saving point of view, since the generator operates only when vacuum is required by the application.
Pneumatic pumpsets require no electricity, only compressed air at a 4 ÷ 6 bar (g) pressure. For this feature, they are recommended in hazardous environments where an ignition source would be dangerous.
Product code: DOP150PVP150MD

8.102 
top next
Pneumatic pumpsets dop 300

Pneumatic pumpsets dop 300

DOP300PVP300MD

8.103 
top next
Mini pneumatic pumpset tanks

Mini pneumatic pumpset tanks

Mini pneumatic pumpset tanks are horizontal with a rectangular section. They are made with welded sheet steel, a perfect vacuum seal, and varnished with special paints resistant to water condensation corrosion.
They are set for the installation of a vacuum generator to be chosen in the table and a pneumatic device.
They are equipped with:
- A pneumatic vacuum switch for adjusting the maximum vacuum level.
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level in the tank.
- A check valve suitable for the generator connection.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A suction filter with an FC paper cartridge.
- A cock for condensation drainage.
- Hoses, fittings and screws for connecting and fixing the generator to the tank.
Available with volumes of 6 and 10 litres.
Product codes: DOP0601 DOP1001 DOP2001

8.104 
top next
Tanks for pneumatic pumpset dop 25, 50 e 100

Tanks for pneumatic pumpset dop 25, 50 e 100

Pneumatic pumpset tanks are horizontal with a circular section.
Made with welded sheet steel, a perfect vacuum seal, they are varnished with special paints resistant to water condensation corrosion.
They are set for the installation of a pneumatic device and a PVP .. MDX ES generator to be chosen in the table which are provided with built-in servo-controlled supply slide valve, check valve and pneumatic vacuum switch.
They are equipped with:
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level in the tank.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A cock for condensation drainage.
- Hoses, fittings and screws for connecting and fixing the generator to the tank.
Available with volumes of 25, 50 and 100 litres.
Product codes: DOP2501 DOP5001 DOP5002 DOP10001

8.105 
top next
Tanks for pneumatic pumpset dop 150 e 300

Tanks for pneumatic pumpset dop 150 e 300

Pneumatic pumpset tanks are horizontal with a circular section.
Made with welded sheet steel a perfect vacuum seal, they are varnished with special paints resistant to water condensation corrosion.
They are set for the installation of a pneumatic device and a PVP .. MDX ES generator to be chosen in the table which are provided with built-in servo-controlled supply slide valve, check valve and pneumatic vacuum switch.
They are equipped with:
- A pneumatic vacuum switch for adjusting the maximum vacuum level.
- A vacuum gauge for a direct reading of the vacuum level in the tank.
- A manual valve for vacuum interception.
- A suction filter with an FC paper cartridge.
- A cock for condensation drainage.
- Hoses, fittings and screws for connecting and fixing the generator to the tank.
Available with volumes of 150 and 300 litres.
Product codes: DOP15001 DOP30001

8.106 
top next
Pneumatic control gear for mini pumpsets and pumpsets

Pneumatic control gear for mini pumpsets and pumpsets

The mini pumpset pneumatic control gear manages a vacuum generator and automatically maintains the vacuum level, set with the pneumatic vacuum switch, in the tank.
It is composed of:
- A pressure filter-adjuster provided with pressure gauge, for adjusting the compressed air supply.
- A slide valve for compressed air interception.
- A 3-way servo-controlled valve for the vacuum generator supply
- Fittings and hoses for connecting the various component and screws for fixing them to the support
Product codes: DOP0690 DOP2090 DOP5090 DOP15090

top next